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First Reading: Jeremiah Chapter 44 and 45 and 46

Jeremiah 44

44:1 Israelites Will Be Punished in Egypt

The word that came to Jeremiah concerning all the Jews who dwell in the land of Egypt, who dwell at Migdol, at Tahpanhes, at Noph, and in the country of Pathros, saying, 2 "Thus says the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel: 'You have seen all the calamity that I have brought on Jerusalem and on all the cities of Judah; and behold, this day they are a desolation, and no one dwells in them, 3 because of their wickedness which they have committed to provoke Me to anger, in that they went to burn incense and to serve other gods whom they did not know, they nor you nor your fathers. 4 However I have sent to you all My servants the prophets, rising early and sending them, saying, "Oh, do not do this abominable thing that I hate!" 5 But they did not listen or incline their ear to turn from their wickedness, to burn no incense to other gods. 6 So My fury and My anger were poured out and kindled in the cities of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem; and they are wasted and desolate, as it is this day.'
7 "Now therefore, thus says the LORD, the God of hosts, the God of Israel: 'Why do you commit this great evil against yourselves, to cut off from you man and woman, child and infant, out of Judah, leaving none to remain, 8 in that you provoke Me to wrath with the works of your hands, burning incense to other gods in the land of Egypt where you have gone to dwell, that you may cut yourselves off and be a curse and a reproach among all the nations of the earth? 9 Have you forgotten the wickedness of your fathers, the wickedness of the kings of Judah, the wickedness of their wives, your own wickedness, and the wickedness of your wives, which they committed in the land of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem? 10 They have not been humbled, to this day, nor have they feared; they have not walked in My law or in My statutes that I set before you and your fathers.'
11 "Therefore thus says the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel: 'Behold, I will set My face against you for catastrophe and for cutting off all Judah. 12 And I will take the remnant of Judah who have set their faces to go into the land of Egypt to dwell there, and they shall all be consumed and fall in the land of Egypt. They shall be consumed by the sword and by famine. They shall die, from the least to the greatest, by the sword and by famine; and they shall be an oath, an astonishment, a curse and a reproach! 13 For I will punish those who dwell in the land of Egypt, as I have punished Jerusalem, by the sword, by famine, and by pestilence, 14 so that none of the remnant of Judah who have gone into the land of Egypt to dwell there shall escape or survive, lest they return to the land of Judah, to which they desire to return and dwell. For none shall return except those who escape.'"
15 Then all the men who knew that their wives had burned incense to other gods, with all the women who stood by, a great multitude, and all the people who dwelt in the land of Egypt, in Pathros, answered Jeremiah, saying: 16 "As for the word that you have spoken to us in the name of the LORD, we will not listen to you! 17 But we will certainly do whatever has gone out of our own mouth, to burn incense to the queen of heaven and pour out drink offerings to her, as we have done, we and our fathers, our kings and our princes, in the cities of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem. For then we had plenty of food, were well-off, and saw no trouble. 18 But since we stopped burning incense to the queen of heaven and pouring out drink offerings to her, we have lacked everything and have been consumed by the sword and by famine."
19 The women also said, "And when we burned incense to the queen of heaven and poured out drink offerings to her, did we make cakes for her, to worship her, and pour out drink offerings to her without our husbands' permission?"
20 Then Jeremiah spoke to all the people — the men, the women, and all the people who had given him that answer — saying: 21 "The incense that you burned in the cities of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem, you and your fathers, your kings and your princes, and the people of the land, did not the LORD remember them, and did it not come into His mind? 22 So the LORD could no longer bear it, because of the evil of your doings and because of the abominations which you committed. Therefore your land is a desolation, an astonishment, a curse, and without an inhabitant, as it is this day. 23 Because you have burned incense and because you have sinned against the LORD, and have not obeyed the voice of the LORD or walked in His law, in His statutes or in His testimonies, therefore this calamity has happened to you, as at this day."
24 Moreover Jeremiah said to all the people and to all the women, "Hear the word of the LORD, all Judah who are in the land of Egypt! 25 Thus says the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, saying: 'You and your wives have spoken with your mouths and fulfilled with your hands, saying, "We will surely keep our vows that we have made, to burn incense to the queen of heaven and pour out drink offerings to her." You will surely keep your vows and perform your vows!' 26 Therefore hear the word of the LORD, all Judah who dwell in the land of Egypt: 'Behold, I have sworn by My great name,' says the LORD, 'that My name shall no more be named in the mouth of any man of Judah in all the land of Egypt, saying, "The Lord GOD lives." 27 Behold, I will watch over them for adversity and not for good. And all the men of Judah who are in the land of Egypt shall be consumed by the sword and by famine, until there is an end to them. 28 Yet a small number who escape the sword shall return from the land of Egypt to the land of Judah; and all the remnant of Judah, who have gone to the land of Egypt to dwell there, shall know whose words will stand, Mine or theirs. 29 And this shall be a sign to you,' says the LORD, 'that I will punish you in this place, that you may know that My words will surely stand against you for adversity.'
30 "Thus says the LORD: 'Behold, I will give Pharaoh Hophra king of Egypt into the hand of his enemies and into the hand of those who seek his life, as I gave Zedekiah king of Judah into the hand of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, his enemy who sought his life.'"

Jeremiah 45

45:1 Assurance to Baruch

The word that Jeremiah the prophet spoke to Baruch the son of Neriah, when he had written these words in a book at the instruction of Jeremiah, in the fourth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah, king of Judah, saying, 2 "Thus says the LORD, the God of Israel, to you, O Baruch: 3'You said, "Woe is me now! For the LORD has added grief to my sorrow. I fainted in my sighing, and I find no rest."'
4 "Thus you shall say to him, 'Thus says the LORD: "Behold, what I have built I will break down, and what I have planted I will pluck up, that is, this whole land. 5 And do you seek great things for yourself? Do not seek them; for behold, I will bring adversity on all flesh," says the LORD. "But I will give your life to you as a prize in all places, wherever you go."'"

Jeremiah 46

46:1 Judgment on Egypt

The word of the LORD which came to Jeremiah the prophet against the nations. 2 Against Egypt.
Concerning the army of Pharaoh Necho, king of Egypt, which was by the River Euphrates in Carchemish, and which Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon defeated in the fourth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah, king of Judah:
3 "Order the buckler and shield,And draw near to battle! 4 Harness the horses,And mount up, you horsemen!Stand forth with your helmets,Polish the spears,Put on the armor! 5 Why have I seen them dismayed and turned back?Their mighty ones are beaten down;They have speedily fled,And did not look back,For fear was all around," says the LORD. 6 "Do not let the swift flee away,Nor the mighty man escape;They will stumble and fall Toward the north, by the River Euphrates.
7 "Who is this coming up like a flood,Whose waters move like the rivers? 8 Egypt rises up like a flood,And its waters move like the rivers;And he says, 'I will go up and cover the earth,I will destroy the city and its inhabitants.' 9 Come up, O horses, and rage, O chariots!And let the mighty men come forth:The Ethiopians and the Libyans who handle the shield,And the Lydians who handle and bend the bow. 10 For this is the day of the Lord GOD of hosts,A day of vengeance,That He may avenge Himself on His adversaries.The sword shall devour;It shall be satiated and made drunk with their blood;For the Lord GOD of hosts has a sacrifice In the north country by the River Euphrates.
11 "Go up to Gilead and take balm,O virgin, the daughter of Egypt;In vain you will use many medicines;You shall not be cured. 12 The nations have heard of your shame,And your cry has filled the land;For the mighty man has stumbled against the mighty;They both have fallen together."
13 Babylonia Will Strike Egypt

The word that the LORD spoke to Jeremiah the prophet, how Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon would come and strike the land of Egypt.
14 "Declare in Egypt, and proclaim in Migdol;Proclaim in Noph and in Tahpanhes;Say, 'Stand fast and prepare yourselves,For the sword devours all around you.' 15 Why are your valiant men swept away?They did not stand Because the LORD drove them away. 16 He made many fall;Yes, one fell upon another.And they said, 'Arise!Let us go back to our own people And to the land of our nativity From the oppressing sword.' 17 They cried there,'Pharaoh, king of Egypt, is but a noise.He has passed by the appointed time!'
18 "As I live," says the King,Whose name is the LORD of hosts,"Surely as Tabor is among the mountains And as Carmel by the sea, so he shall come. 19 O you daughter dwelling in Egypt,Prepare yourself to go into captivity!For Noph shall be waste and desolate, without inhabitant.
20 "Egypt is a very pretty heifer,But destruction comes, it comes from the north. 21 Also her mercenaries are in her midst like fat bulls,For they also are turned back,They have fled away together.They did not stand,For the day of their calamity had come upon them,The time of their punishment. 22 Her noise shall go like a serpent,For they shall march with an army And come against her with axes,Like those who chop wood.
23 "They shall cut down her forest," says the LORD,"Though it cannot be searched,Because they are innumerable,And more numerous than grasshoppers. 24 The daughter of Egypt shall be ashamed;She shall be delivered into the hand Of the people of the north."
25 The LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, says: "Behold, I will bring punishment on Amon of No, and Pharaoh and Egypt, with their gods and their kings — Pharaoh and those who trust in him. 26 And I will deliver them into the hand of those who seek their lives, into the hand of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon and the hand of his servants. Afterward it shall be inhabited as in the days of old," says the LORD.
27 God Will Preserve Israel
(cf. Jer 30:10,11)'But do not fear, O My servant Jacob,And do not be dismayed, O Israel!For behold, I will save you from afar,And your offspring from the land of their captivity;Jacob shall return, have rest and be at ease;No one shall make him afraid. 28 Do not fear, O Jacob My servant," says the LORD,"For I am with you;For I will make a complete end of all the nations To which I have driven you,But I will not make a complete end of you.I will rightly correct you,For I will not leave you wholly unpunished."

Second Reading: Psalms Chapter 124 and 125

Psalms 124

124:1 The LORD the Defense of His People

A Song of Ascents. Of David.
"If it had not been the LORD who was on our side,"Let Israel now say — 2 "If it had not been the LORD who was on our side,When men rose up against us, 3 Then they would have swallowed us alive,When their wrath was kindled against us; 4 Then the waters would have overwhelmed us,The stream would have gone over our soul; 5 Then the swollen waters Would have gone over our soul."
6 Blessed be the LORD,Who has not given us as prey to their teeth. 7 Our soul has escaped as a bird from the snare of the fowlers; The snare is broken, and we have escaped. 8 Our help is in the name of the LORD,Who made heaven and earth.

Psalms 125

125:1 The LORD the Strength of His People

A Song of Ascents.
Those who trust in the LORDAre like Mount Zion,Which cannot be moved, but abides forever. 2 As the mountains surround Jerusalem,So the LORD surrounds His people From this time forth and forever.
3 For the scepter of wickedness shall not rest On the land allotted to the righteous,Lest the righteous reach out their hands to iniquity.
4 Do good, O LORD, to those who are good,And to those who are upright in their hearts.
5 As for such as turn aside to their crooked ways,The LORD shall lead them away With the workers of iniquity.
Peace be upon Israel!

Bible Background



Part 3 of 4


After Solomon died, his son Rehoboam became king. If you follow the history you find that the Nation of Israel never again became the world power it was under Solomon. Ten of the tribes rebelled against Rehoboam and followed a man named Jeroboam, son of Nebat. Jeroboam, in order to strengthen his throne, made two idols, golden calves, and set one at the southern border in Bethel and the other at the northern border in Dan and proclaimed: "It is too much for you to go up to Jerusalem. Here are your gods, O Israel, who brought you up out of Egypt."

The history of the northern ten tribes follows the lead of Jeroboam. None of the kings that followed served the living God even though prophets such as Elijah, Elisha, Amos, and Hosea were sent by God in warning of coming destruction. Probably the most notorious of the Israeli kings was Ahab.

Ahab reigned for 22 years and it is recorded that "Ahab also made an Asherah pole and did more to provoke the LORD, the God of Israel, to anger than did all the kings of Israel before him." He married Jezebel, daughter of Ethbaal king of the Sidonians. It was during this time that Elijah had the showdown with the 450 prophets of Baal on Mt. Carmel. Even though God demonstrated his power and the priests of Baal were slain, Elijah had to run for his life from Jezebel.

Finally, in 722 B.C., 200 years after the time of Solomon, the northern kingdom was subdued and taken captive by the Assyrians. Chapter 17 of II Kings details the final captivity of this people.

The southern kingdom of Judah followed the line of Rehoboam. It lasted another 140 years. During this period of 340 years from Rehoboam to Zedekiah there were kings that worshipped and obeyed God but many that did not.

Some of the more notable kings of Judah included:

Asa reigned 41 years and because of his reforms and reliance on God, brought peace during his time.

Joash reigned 40 years and was only seven years old when he began to reign. Jehoiada the priest was his adviser and as long as Jehoiada lived Joash served the LORD. The temple was restored for it had fallen into disrepair. After Jehoiada died, Joash abandoned the temple and worshipped idols.

Hezekiah reigned 29 years. He brought in reforms again and had the temple purified and celebrated the Passover again. He was king in Judah at the time that the northern kingdom was taken into captivity. The city of Jerusalem was surrounded by the Assyrian army. Hezekiah prayed to the LORD and defied the Assyrians and the records report that 185,000 Assyrians died in the Assyrian camp in one night.

Manasseh reigned 55 years. He was the son of Hezekiah but totally opposite. He rebuilt the high places that Hezekiah had destroyed and erected altars to Baal and "to all the starry hosts." He sacrificed his sons in the fire and practiced sorcery, divination, and witchcraft. He took a carved image he had made and placed it in God's temple.

Manasseh was taken prisoner by the King of Assyria and in his distress he finally turned to God. God heard his pleas and restored him to his kingdom. Manasseh broke down the idols and high places and removed the graven image from God's temple.

Prophets such as Isaiah and Jeremiah were sent to warn the Kingdom of Judah of coming destruction. The history of Judah is up and down with one king following idols and the next bringing reforms. Finally, in 586 B.C. Judah was taken into captivity by the Babylonians.

"By the rivers of Babylon we sat and wept when we remembered Zion. There on the poplars we hung our harps, for there our captors asked us for songs, our tormentors demanded songs of joy; they said, 'Sing us one of the songs of Zion!' How can we sing the songs of the LORD while in a foreign land?" Psalm 137

"And thou, profane wicked prince of Israel, whose day is come, when iniquity shall have an end, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Remove the diadem, and take off the crown; this shall not be the same: exalt him that is low, and abase him that is high. I will overturn, overturn, overturn, it: and it shall be no more, until he come whose right it is; and I will give it him.'"


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